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Prague Castle
View of the Lesser Bridge Tower of Charles Bridge in Prague (Karluv Most) the Czech Republic. This bridge is the oldest in the city and a very popular tourist attraction

Prague Castle – largest castle complex in the world

Easily the most notable historic monument in Prague, Czech Republic, the castle also offers plenty of other things. For one, it is known for its beautiful architecture, the crowning glory of the architectural delights of Prague, considered one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. The castle is also huge, so it would take you more than one day to properly explore. You would want to set aside a few days on your itinerary if you want to familiarize yourself with the wonders of the castle.

The castle interiors are replete with all types of architectural marvels. Your journey can start at the notable cathedral and end at the Summer Palace. Here are some of the highlights of visiting the castle.

St. Vitus Church

The cathedral is known for its lovely interiors. This is a place where masters of their craft strove to create masterpieces of art. The light filtering through the beautiful stained glass windows are one of the most attractive sights within the castle grounds. Your enjoyable doubles when you realize that the windows were created by Alfons Mucha, the celebrated Art Nouveau master known worldwide for his unique style and works of art that gained much traction with the elites and masses alike. Another work of art would be the mosaic on the ceiling. The cathedral also features artwork from the medieval era, still splendid in their beauty.

Tombs of emperors and saints

The church houses the tombs of Charles IV and Rudolf II. The tomb of St. Wenceslas is also located here, and is considered an important part of your visit, because St. Wenceslas is known as the patron saint of the country. The remains of St. John of Nepomuk also lie buried here.

St. George’s Basilica

Among theoldest buildings in the castle, this church was once a nunnery and is more than 1,000 years old. Over the centuries, it has undergone many renovations, so not much of the original structure remains. The steeples are part of the original construction, while later additions include the St. Ludmila chapel and the Baroque style front part. In the present time, it is often used as a museum or a venue for art exhibitions.

Royal Palace

The current palace was built in the 14th century, on the grounds where earlier wood and stone structures once stood. The Gothic architecture of the palace is one of the chief attractions for visitors. The Vladislav Hall mixes Gothic and Renaissance styles. It is one of the most notable parts of the palace, a place that has seen events of historic importance. Kings were crowned here, and knights were honored here. Medieval markets and traders bearing expensive items of trade as gifts also made their way here.

Medieval houses

For those curious about the lives of common people in an era of nobility, the old houses in the Golden Lane offer some clues. The houses once hosted palace workers and soldiers, and are known as a relic of a bygone era. The homes also housed goldsmiths and people believe that is how the street got its name.

Getting to this famous city landmark is easy. Trams stop at the Kralovsky and Pohorelec, while the metro stations at Malostranska is close by.